Judit Polgar Bio 2021
Judit Polgar Bio, If you are a chess lover then you must know about her.
Quick info of Judit Polgar:
Table of Contents
- 1 Quick info of Judit Polgar:
- 2 Introduction:
- 3 Earlier Life | Judit Polgar Bio:
- 4 Career | Judit Polgar Biography:
- 5 Child Prodigy |Judit Polgar Bio:
- 5.1 Baby Girl Defeating IM & GM:
- 5.2 Chess Explosion of Judit Polgar:
- 5.3 Judit Breaks Fischer & Garry’s Records:
- 5.4 Judit’s Message For Chess Girls:
- 5.5 Mikhail Tal’s Praise:
- 5.6 Individual Gold & Brilliancy Prize:
- 5.7 Earn Elo rating:
- 5.8 Compare Judit with monster and killer:
- 5.9 Comparison with Fischer and Kasparov:
- 5.10 Kasparov being Crushed by a Ponytail:
- 5.11 Her Fame and the U.S President:
- 5.12 See Also:
- 6 Grandmaster | Judit Polgar Bio:
- 7 Lewis Chessmen:
- 8 Kasparov Touch-move Controversy:
- 9 Strongest Female Player Of All Time:
- 10 Make History | Biography of Judit Polgar:
- 11 Retirement | Bio of Judit Polgar:
- 12 Playing Style | Judit Polgar Bio:
- 13 Winning Ideology | Judit Polgar Biografia:
- 14 Judit Polgar Family:
- 15 Judit Polgar Chess Foundation:
- 16 Books, Written By Judit Polgar:
- 17 Awards | Judit Polgar Bio:
- 18 Historical Games of Judit Polgar:
- 19 YouTube Video:
|Rеаl Nаmе / Full Nаmе||Judit Polgár|
|Dаtе Оf Віrth / Віrthdау||23 July 1976|
|Аgе / Ноw Оld||45 уеаrѕ оld|
|Віrth Рlасе||Budapest (Town), Hungary (country)|
|Раrеntѕ Name||Laszlo Polgar & Klára Polgar|
|Fаthеr Nаmе||László Polgar|
|Моthеr Nаmе||Klára Polgar|
|Ѕіblіngѕ||Susan Polgar & Sofia Polgar (2 Elder Sisters.)|
|Husband / Ѕроuѕе||Gusztáv Font (m. 2000)|
|Кіdѕ / Сhіldrеn||She has two kids.|
|Award / Honor||
Order of St Stephen of Hungary.
|2675 (July 2021)|
|Peak Rating||2735 (July 2005)|
|Peak ranking||No. 8 (July 2005)|
Judit Polgar was born on 23 July 1976 in a Jewish family in Budapest, Hungary. She is considered a great Hungarian chess player. She is also particularly known as the strongest female chess player ever.
She is the only female chess player to have created the image of one of the most dangerous, serious, and challenging candidates for the chess world.
In 1991, at the age of just 15 years and 4 months, Judit Polgar achieved the world’s biggest title of chess named Grandmaster. In doing so, she broke former world champion Bobby Fischer’s record as the youngest ever to do so.
When she was only 12 years old, she ranked 55th on the rating list of January 1989. By doing so Polgar became the youngest player ever to be included in the top 100 players in the rating list issued by FIDE.
On 13 August 2014, she announced his retirement from all competitive forms of chess. Her passion for the game is evident from the fact that she remained the world’s No. 1 rated woman from January 1989 until her retirement on August 13, 2014.
In June 2015, just a few months after their retirement, Judit was appointed the new captain and head coach of her own country’s national men’s chess team.
On 20 August 2015, she received her country’s biggest honor, the Grand Cross of the Order of St. Stephen of Hungary.
Judit Polgar is the only female chess player to have defeated the world’s number one player in a recognized tournament. She has defeated 11 current or former world champions in fast or classical chess, whose names are as follows-
Garry Kasparov, Anatoly Karpov, Magnus Carlsen, Vladimir Kramnik, Viswanathan Anand, Boris Spassky, Veselin Topalov, Vasily Smyslov, Ruslan Ponomariov, Rustam Kasimdzhanov. and Alexander Khalifman.
Earlier Life | Judit Polgar Bio:
Polgar was born on 23 July 1976 in a Jewish family in Budapest Town, Hungary. Judit Polgar also has two older sisters, whose names are Susan Polgar and Sofia Polgar.
Susan Polgar is the eldest of the sisters. She is 5 and a half years older than Sofia and 7 years older than Judit. Susan was the first of the sisters to receive the honor by winning a chess tournament.
The elder sister Susan is the Grandmaster and the middle sister Sofia, is the International Master. her father’s name is Laszlo Polgar.
The entire education of the three Polgar sisters was done at home by their father Laszlo Polgar and mother Klára. Chess was included as a special subject in the education provided at home. The parents also taught their three daughters to the international language Esperanto.
The home-schooling of the three daughters caused the Polgar family to face considerable resistance from the Hungarian authorities because this method of education was not “socialist”.
Although chess is considered a male-dominated game, and women have always been seen as weak players from the past to the present day, this kind of thinking is completely wrong.
Judit Polgar Father Book:
According to László Polgar, all three of his daughters were part of an educational experiment conducted by him. He wrote a thesis titled “Geniuses are made, not born,”. He wanted to prove that one or more children could achieve extraordinary achievements if they were specially trained in a particular subject.
If women are given better chess training from an early age i.e. from childhood, then they have full potential to beat any male player anywhere. The greatest example of this is the three Polgar sisters, who pioneered the idea of a female world chess champion.
This experiment by Laszlo Polgar created a group of two grandmasters and one international master, who proved that women could also be grandmasters of chess, and could provide a strong challenge to men in major tournaments.
Malevolent Thinking On Chess:
Judit’s father, Laszlo Polgar, was strongly against the idea that all three of his daughters were only allowed to participate in women’s events. Whereas women are fully capable of achieving the same results as men in all intellectual competitions.
László Polgar wrote a letter to the Hungarian Chess Federation, which noted that “Chess is an intellectual activity, of equal importance to all. We, therefore, reject any discrimination in this regard.” This letter then put the Polgars in conflict with the Hungarian Chess Federation, which had a policy of same-sex player tournaments.
Clash and Win with Chess Federation:
The Hungarian Chess Federation then changed its rules so that Polgar’s older sister, Susan, began to play in the men’s tournament, while she refused to play in the women’s tournament, which once again allowed the Polgars to become Hungarians. Put in conflict with the Chess Federation.
In 1985 when Susan was 15 years old International Master. Because of this conflict, the Chess Federation did injustice, having not been awarded the highest chess title Grandmaster, despite being the norm eleven times.
Career | Judit Polgar Biography:
Judit Polgar has never participated in any women’s-specific tournaments, nor has she ever played in the Women’s Chess World Championship.
The Key To Women’s Success:
Her statement can prove to be a key to success for all women players. “I always say that women should always have the confidence that they are nothing less than male players, just as good and capable as them, but this thinking will be successful when they are ready to work hard and Just work seriously hard on this like male players.”
László as an Excellent Chess Coach:
Judit was kept away from her sisters for some time during her training. She started participating in tournaments after completing her training.
Susan remained the world’s top-rated female chess player until 1986. László Polgar had the reputation of being an excellent chess coach
He also hired many veterans and professional chess players to train his daughters in chess. Professionals who coached the Polgar sisters included Russian Grandmaster Alexander Chernin, Hungarian champion IM Tibor Florian, GM Pal Benko.
World Chess Championship 2005:
Judit Polgar participated in her first-ever world championship tournament which included 100+ big and great players, it was a knockout tournament. She became the only woman to cross the 2700 Elo rating system, which is still a world record.
She received a rating of 2735 in this tournament, which is the highest rating of her career. With this, she reached the top world ranking of No.8.
She is the only female player ever to be ranked in the top ten of the World Chess Rankings, which she achieved in 1996. From January 1989 until retirement (August 2014), she was the world’s No. 1 rated female chess player.
Child Prodigy |Judit Polgar Bio:
Judit Polgar was a chess prodigy from a very young age. She was initially coached by her sister Susan. At the age of 5, he defeated a family friend without even seeing a chessboard. According to older sister Susan, Judit wasn’t the most talented sister, Judit was a very slow start, but she was very hardworking.”
She started playing chess tournaments as soon as she entered the age of 6. At the age of 9, she had made her rating 2080 in the Hungarian Chess Federation. In Budapest in 1984, when Sofia was 9 years old and Judit was 7, these two sisters blindfolded and defeated, two Masters.
Baby Girl Defeating IM & GM:
She was a member of a chess club based in her berth city, Budapest. She used to spend her daily time in this club, where she got tremendous experience of playing and learning from players of the International Master level.
Judit, at the age of 10, defeated an international master for the first time (year–1986), named Dolphie Dreimer. A few months after this incident (Year-1987), she defeated a Grandmaster named Lev Gutman when she was only 11 years old.
Chess Explosion of Judit Polgar:
In April 1986, when Judit was 9 years old, she played her first-rated tournament in the US, She finished first in the unrated section of the New York Open tournament and won the US$1,000 prize money.
All three Polgar sisters took part in this New York Open tournament, but only Judit attracted the most attention at the tournament. In this tournament, big grandmasters used to come to see this serious and calm kid playing.
At the end of 1986, Judit defeated a 52-year-old Romanian IM Dolfi Drimer, when Polgar, aged just 10, at the Adsteam Lidums International Tournament in Adelaide, Australia.
Statements Of GM Mednis & Judit:
In another game of the same tournament, Grandmaster Edmar Mednis barely defeated Judit. Mednis later said that he played his best game of the tournament, beating Judit, “I was very careful in that game because it doesn’t suit a grandmaster to lose to a 10-year-old girl.”
Her last game in this tournament ended in a draw, having won her first seven games. When a reporter asked her if she would one day become world champion, Judit replied that “I’ll try.”
Judit Breaks Fischer & Garry’s Records:
In April 1988, Judit Polgar scored her first international master criterion in the International B section of the New York Open tournament.
August 1988, Polgar won in the under-12 “boys” section at the World Youth Chess and Peace Festival in Timișoara, Romania.
In October 1988, she finished first, scoring 7–2 in a round-robin tournament in London, with 10-players participating.
With these three significant results, she had met the qualifications required to earn the International Master norm. At that time she was the youngest player ever to achieve this feat, just 12 years old. Even Bobby Fischer and Garry Kasparov were both 14 when they were awarded the title.
Judit’s Message For Chess Girls:
At the end of this tournament, Judit was asked the reason for playing against the boys instead of the girls category, she said “These other girls are not serious about chess. I practice hard for five or six hours a day, but She spends her time cooking and doing household chores and gets distracted.”
Mikhail Tal’s Praise:
Grandmaster and former World Chess Champion Mikhail Tal praised Judit for this achievement. At the same time, he said that this girl has a strong potential to win the men’s world championship.
Individual Gold & Brilliancy Prize:
In November 1988, Judit and her sisters represented their country Hungary in the women’s section of the 28th Chess Olympiad held in Thessaloniki. But the International Chess Federation did not allow the Polgars to play against men in team-based competitions.
Like every time, this tournament could not be won by the Soviet Union. A stunning performance by the Polgar sisters led to a thumping victory in the tournament. As a result, this time the Hungarian women’s team won the championship.
Judit played board 2 and finished the tournament with the highest score of 12½–½, which also won an Individual gold medal. She also won a brilliancy award for her stellar performance against, Pavlina Angelova.
Earn Elo rating:
In the January 1989 Elo rating list, at the age of 12, she was rated 2555, ranked number 55 in the world, 35 rating points ahead of women’s world champion Maia Chiburdanidze. Then in the last six months, she surprised everyone by scoring a remarkable 190 rating points.
Compare Judit with monster and killer:
Her calm and courteous demeanor on the board was in stark contrast to her dangerous style of play. David Norwood, the British GM, recalled beating Judit when he was an established player and was just a child.
David described him as “this cute little auburn-haired monster who crushed you“. British journalist Dominic Lawson has written about 12-year-old Judit’s “killer” eyes and how she stares at her rival.
Comparison with Fischer and Kasparov:
She was among the top 100 players in the world even before the age of 13. British Chess Magazine declared “Judit Polgar’s recent results show Fischer’s and Kasparov’s performances to be comparatively similar.” British grandmaster Nigel Short said, “This girl is one of the three or four greatest chess players in history.”
But, Kasparov expressed initial skepticism: “She does have a great chess talent, but she is a woman after all.” According to him, no woman can sustain a long fight, as women are often of family mindedness and not of warlike nature.”
Kasparov being Crushed by a Ponytail:
However, after losing a quick game against her in 2002, Kasparov’s opinion had changed completely. Kasparov said, “Polgar has shown that her amazing ability has no inherent limitations.”
Yet many great male players refused to accept this reality until this twelve-year-old girl crushed them with her ponytail.” In 1989, Polgar finished third in the OHRA Open tournament jointly with Boris Gelfand.
Her Fame and the U.S President:
By this time, dozens of books and newspaper articles had been written by authors about the Polgar sisters, making them famous all over the world. Due to the great popularity of the Polgar sisters, in 1989, U.S President George H.W Bush and his wife met them during their visit to Hungary.
In 1990, Judit won the under-14 boys section at the Fond du Lac, the World Youth Chess Festival, which was played in Wisconsin. In 1990, the Judit sisters represented their country Hungary at the Women’s Olympiad and won the gold medal. This was Judit’s last women’s tournament, after which she never participated in a women’s tournament.
Grandmaster | Judit Polgar Bio:
In October 1991, she tied for fifth place with Zoltán Ribli and John Nunn at a tournament in Vienna in which Judit scored 5½–3½. In December 1991, Judit won the title of Grandmaster by winning the Hungarian National Chess Championship.
She achieved this title in 15 years, 5 months, which was the youngest ever. It beat Fischer’s record by one month. This made her the first female player to win the tournament and become the youngest Grandmaster. So, Hungary is recognized as one of the strongest chess-playing countries.
Having entered the final round of this championship, Polgar needed only a draw here to claim the Grandmaster title, but she defeated Grandmaster Tibor Tolnai to finish first in the tournament.
Judit’s older sister Susan also earned the title of GM in January 1991 of the same year.
Winning prize money of $110,000:
In 1992, Polgar at the Madrid International Tournament, Linares, finished second, a notch below Anatoly Karpov. Held in 1992–93, Hastings finished first in the tournament, which was a celebration of the New Year.
In February 1993, Polgar played an exhibition match against former world champion Boris Spassky, winning the match and winning the prize money of $110,000. This prize money was the biggest prize money won by her till that time.
Polgar also participated in the Melody Amber tournament in Monaco, a blindfold tournament for 12 Grandmasters. In this tournament, Anand and Karpov jointly finished first, gm Ljubojević finished third, while Polgar finished fourth.
In 1993, Judit Polgar became the first female player to qualify for the Interzonal tournament. After this, she made her identity as one of the leading players in the world.
Judit Polgar Vs Bobby Fischer:
In the summer of 1993, Bobby Fischer lived briefly in the Polgar family. He was living in seclusion in Yugoslavia due to an arrest warrant issued by the United States. Susan Polgar introduces Bobby to her family and persuaded him to stay at her home.
During his stay, he helped the sisters analyze their game. A blitz chess match was arranged between Fischer and Polgar, which Fischer later canceled because of Judit’s father.
Sicilian Defense Required Tournament:
In the summer of 1994, Polgar had the biggest breakthrough of her career to that point, when she won the Madrid International in Spain, playing with the likes of Gata Kamsky. In October 1994, she played in a tournament in Buenos Aires that was a tribute to an ailing Polugaevsky.
Eight Grandmasters took part in this tournament, all of whom are considered contenders for the World championship, namely Anand, Ivanchuk, Karpov, Polgar, Salov, Kamsky, Shirov, Ljubojevic.
This tournament was slightly different, as Black was required to play the Sicilian Defence in each game. This imperative was beneficial to Polgar as it was her favorite chase defense. In this fierce competition, she jointly finished third with Ivanchuk.
The Lewis Chessman is a chess set engraved in the 12th century.
In 1995, the Isle of Lewis Chess Club in Scotland arranged a tournament between Polgar and Nigel Short. By the way, in this tournament in which the famous Lewis chess was to be used.
However, the British Museum refused to release the set despite assurances that the players would wear gloves. In the end, the museum allowed this chess set to be displayed at the festival tournament, but its use was prohibited. Judit Polgar won four GM double rounds, scoring five points in six games and beating Short in both games.
Kasparov Touch-move Controversy:
1994, the Linares tournament for the first time invited the 17-year-old Polgar to play with the strongest players in the world.
She scored two points after playing the first four games. She had to lose this match while playing with Kasparov in the fifth game. Kasparov took advantage of the game by taking full control of the game after the 35th move, playing with black pieces.
Kasparov’s Blunder Mistake:
On his 36th move, world champion Kasparov had placed his knight in c5 position. His move was very wrong, this move would have definitely put him in damage because the next move of the Polgar would definitely be Bc6 so that Kasparov would have to replace his rook with his opponent’s bishop.
Kasparov, sensing a great danger, immediately changed his move and lifted Night from c5 and placed it on f8. According to the rules of chess, once a player discards a piece, his move is complete, no player can ever change his move. But Garry changed his course there.
Reason For Not Complaining:
Polgar didn’t bother her at all at this point, Polgar stating that she was playing a competitor for the first time at the World Championships and was in no way at all to create unpleasantness during this important event.
Along with this, she was also afraid that if her complaint is not heard, she will be declared defeated by clock-based punishment.
Role Of Arbiter Falcon & PVS T.V:
By the way, this tragic event was well seen by the arbiter, Carlos Falcon. Polgar also looked at Carlos with a very sad and questioning look, that he should take any action against Kasparov, but he did not take any action on this incident.
The entire match was video-recorded by a team from the Spanish television company PVS, which clearly showed that Kasparov had completely put the knight on c5.
Tournament sponsor Luis Rentero made a special request to PVS TV not to air the videotape, as a result of which the video was never released publicly.
Why Did You Do This To Me?
Polgar confronted Kasparov in a hotel bar at this incident, and asked Nerve in a public place, “Why did you do this to me? Kasparov said in an interview” that the girl publicly told me why I cheated on her? He said that the girl needs to learn some good manners before making such rhetoric.
After this incident, Kasparov did not speak to her for more than three years. Kasparov told reporters that he had absolutely no idea that the knight was missing his hands. Do you think I can make such a minor mistake in chess? At that time my conscience was very clear.
But this defeat had a deep impact on Polgar and she managed to score only half a point in the remaining six games as she could not perform to the best of her ability, although she recovered by the end of the tournament.
Strongest Female Player Of All Time:
Judit Polgar is considered the strongest female chess player of all time. In January 1996, she became the only woman to make it to the top ten players.
In August 1996, she took part in a huge tournament in Vienna that featured 10 strong players. The tournament saw a three-way tie for the first time between Boris Gelfand, Topalov, and Karpov. In December 1996, Judit won $12,000 in a tournament played in São Paulo.
The New York Times Published Her Name:
On 26 August 1997, GM Robert Byrne wrote a column in the New York Times, noting that “there has been a long debate about who is the strongest player.” “The major contenders are Bobby Fischer, Garry Kasparov, Anatoly Karpov, Jose Ral, or Alexander Alekhine. But as to who is the greatest female player, there should certainly be no doubt that it is 21-year-old Judit Polgar. ”
In October 1997, she finished second in a double round-robin tournament of four Grandmasters at the VAM International Tournament in Hoogeveen, Netherlands.
Incredible Chess Performance:
In August 1998, she participated in the US Open chess tournament. Became the first female player to win it. It was held at the Kona Surf Resort in Hawaii.
In October 1999, Polgar participated in the VAM Chess Tournament in Hoogeveen, Netherlands. She shared first place with 3 points from 4 matches. With this Anatoly Karpov finished third and Darmen Sadvakasov in fourth place.
September 2000, at the Najdorf Chess Festival, Polgar shared first place with Viktor Bologan, ahead of Anatoly Karpov.
In 2001, in late February and early March, Polgar was invited to the elite Linares double round-robin tournament. In which only the six strongest players in the world were invited. The tournament was won by Kasparov, as he scored 7½ points in 10 games. The other five participants, Polgár, Karpov, Leko, Grischuk, and Shirov all finished second.
Make History | Biography of Judit Polgar:
Judit Polgar has played some such incredible games due to his tremendous chess talent, which have literally been recorded in the pages of history today.
Judit Polgár Vs Garry Kasparov:
In September 2002, in the Rapid Tournament versus Russia vs Rest of the World match, Polgar defeated number one Kasparov in one game. She won the game by performing exceptionally well. In this game, Kasparov, playing with black, chose the Berlin defense over his most beloved Sicilian defense. CLICK HERE
Polgar broke down with her pieces on Kasparov’s king, who was still in the center of the board, the attack was so dangerous that Kasparov resigned. Shortly after resigning, Kasparov went down a path forbidden to journalists and photographers, perhaps wanting to avoid them.
Lewd Remarks Made By Kasparov:
Before this tournament, Kasparov once addressed Polgar as a “puppet of the circus” and said that female chess players should live to have children.
People consider this defeat given by Polgar as a response to the lewd remarks made by Kasparov. She described the game as one of the most important and happy moments of her career. The game was also historic because it was the first time in chess history that a female player had defeated the world’s number 1 player in a major tournament.
In 2016, an interview with Polgar was broadcast on the BBC Witness radio program, which also included video from the match. By early 2003, Judit Polgar had made it to the top 10 rated players in the world.
Polgar was an undefeated player in the Corus Chess Tournament but had to settle for second place. In this tournament, she finished only half a point behind future world champion Viswanathan Anand, while ahead of the world champion Vladimir Kramnik. One of the highlights of the tournament was Polgar’s victory over Anatoly Karpov.
Judit Polgar’s First Pregnancy:
In 2004, Polgar took a brief break from chess during her first delivery. She gave birth to a son who was named Oliver. As a result, she was considered a passive player, which is why she was not included in the January 2005 FIDE ratings list.
Her eldest sister Susan reactivated her sport during this period, and temporarily became the world’s No. 1 ranked female player. Because she did not want to let Polgaro’s name be lost.
Return to Competition:
Judit Polgar made her comeback on 15 January 2005 by participating in the Corus Tournament. The tournament, then considered the most important in Europe, was won by Judit’s own compatriot partner Péter Lékó. Simultaneously, Polgar shared the fourth position with Kramnik, Alexander, Michael Adams, and Grischuk.
In September 2005, Polgar once again made history as she became the first female player to reach the final stage of the World Championship.
Judit Polgar’s Second Pregnancy:
Judit did not play in the Linares tournament in 2006, as she once again became pregnant. On 6 July 2006, she gave birth to a girl child, who was named Hanna.
Retirement | Bio of Judit Polgar:
In May–June 2007 she played in the FIDE World Chess Championship Candidates Tournament, in which she was eliminated in the first round. To this, many chess experts argued that she had played little in the last three years due to the upbringing of both her children.
January 2008 she participated in the Corus Wijk aan Zee tournament, which is considered a major tournament. 14 participants took part in this tournament. Polgar scored 6/13 in this, which was fine.
In 2014, she was ranked 56th at the World Rapid Championship, while in the same year at the Blitz Chess Championship, she was ranked 26th. On 13 August 2014, she announced her retirement from chess while at the highest level in The Times, a London newspaper.
Playing Style | Judit Polgar Bio:
She is known to be very well-versed in positional play. She is an aggressive style player. Judit Polgar is also known to be very aggressive in the beginning. She likes the Sicilian or King’s Indian Defence while playing with black pieces.
A female player has a more aggressive style of playing chess than men, partly because of Polgar’s role model image. Judit Polgar is very adept at controlling time, as she could speed up playing chess at any time between games.
When she was young, a German magazine Der Spiegel wrote in an article, “Her fierce and stormy attack in blitz games astonishes many high-ranked players.”
Winning Ideology | Judit Polgar Biografia:
Judit Polgar said, if you are a professional chess player and you are part of a tournament, then during the time you have to think only about yourself and your game. At this time you can not think about your spouse or children at all, otherwise, it may affect your tournament as well.
According to her, since their marriage she has not had a permanent coach, her husband supports her when she goes to play in a tournament. She always uses a second. Taking care of her two children, Polgar had little time to train and play competitive chess, causing her ranking to drop significantly.
Judit Polgar Interview:
Comparing the happiness of motherhood to chess, Polgar has said that the chess tournament now “feels like a break from home confinement“. When she was asked why she came back to chess after taking time out among the children, her answer was that I cannot live without chess.
Judit Polgar Family:
In August 2000, Judit Polgar married a compatriot man. They have two children, a son, and a daughter.
Husband, Son, and Daughter:
He is a Veterinary Doctor named Gusztáv Font. The eldest son is Olivér, while the daughter is younger and is named Hanna.
Judit is living in Hungary, while the rest of her family members have migrated to different places. Sofia, Israel, Susan from the United States, and her parents emigrated to Israel and the United States. Several members of Polgar’s family were killed in the Holocaust.
Judit Polgar Chess Foundation:
The Judit Polgar Chess Foundation has arranged two types of educational programs for children. One is a chess palace for primary children (grades 1-4) and the other is a chess playground for pre-school children.
Books, Written By Judit Polgar:
- Judit Polgar: How I Beat Fischer’s Record
- Polgar Judit: From GM to Top Ten
- Judit Polgar: A Game of Queens
Chess exercise books for pre-school children & resources for teachers:
- Kalandozások a sakktáblán (Chessboard Adventures)
- Sakklépések (Chess Moves)
- Sakk és matt (Check and Mate)
Chess books, and exercise books for elementary school children & resources for teachers:
- Sakkpalota (Chess Palace), series 1–4.
Awards | Judit Polgar Bio:
- Hungarian Chess Player of the Year: (Years 1989, 1991, 1993, 1994, 1998–2003, 2005–2012, and 2014)
- 8-time Chess Oscar winner: (Years 1988, 1995, 1996, 2000, 2001, and 2002)
- Female Chess Player of the Century: (2001)
- FIDE Caissa Award: (2012)
- The Order of Merit of the Republic of Hungary, Budapest: (2003)
- The Hungarian Order of Merit with the Star, Budapest: (2013)
- Prima Primissima, Budapest: (2014)
- Association of Immortal Hungarian Athletes, Budapest: (2014)
- The Hungarian Order of St. Stephen, Budapest: (2015)
- Best European Learning Materials Award, Frankfurt: (2015)
- Honorary Citizen of Budapest, Budapest: (2016)
- James Joyce Award from the UCD Literary & Historical Society, Dublin: (2017)
- ECU European Golden Pawn, “European Chess Legend”, Monte Carlo: (2019)
- Honorary Doctor of the University of Physical Education, Budapest: (2020)
Historical Games of Judit Polgar:
- Alexey Shirov vs Judit Polgar: Buenos Aires (08-Oct-1994)⇒ CLICK HERE
- Judit Polgar vs Viswanathan Anand: Dos Hermanas (06-April-1999)⇒ CLICK HERE
- Judit Polgar vs Garry Kasparov: Russia vs The Rest of the World, Moscow, Rapid (09-Sep-2002)⇒ CLICK HERE
- Polgar vs Ferenc Berkes: Hunguest Hotels Super Chess Tournament (18-April-2003)⇒ CLICK