Checkmate In 4 Moves | Scholar’s Mate In Chess
Checkmate In 4 Moves and the term “Scholar’s Mate” both have the same meaning. How wonderful it would be that you beat your opponent after only four moves. You can definitely imagine how much you will feel proud of yourself with this checkmate. This checkmate is achieved by playing white pieces only in the fourth move, hence it is also called ‘the 4 move checkmate’.
How To Win In Chess In 4 Moves
Getting Scholar’s Mate (or the 4 move checkmate) involves the following moves-
- e4, e5
- Qh5, Nc6
- Bc4, Nf6??
- #Qxf7 Checkmate.
1. White starts with e4, while Black answers with e5-
2. You attack the e5 pawn by placing the queen on the h5 position, while Black moves his knight to the c6 position to avoid it-
3. Now you double attack the f7 pawn by placing your bishop on the c4 position, which shocks your opponent, and he wants to go away your queen by placing his knight on the f6 position. Black made this very wrong move-
4. Now you (White) perform “Scholar’s Mate” by capturing the f7 pawn from your queen on the support of your bishop-
It’s a short combination of four moves, the purpose of which is to reach the same mating pattern by different moves. Here white is targeting the f7 pawn. The bishop supports the queen from the c4 square. However, there are many other ways to checkmate in four moves in chess.
Facts Of Scholar’s Mate
- The Scholar’s Mate, also known in the chess world as a “four-move checkmate”.
- This checkmate is generally achieved by white.
- However, its black version is also available, i.e. the black queen checkmate the white king.
- This checkmate is completed by the queen by giving a check to the opponent king on the 4th move.
- The “Scholar’s Mate” gets its name because it can only be possible if a player makes a blunder mistake.
- Chess players must try this checkmate on beginners.
- Even today, it is used by many grandmasters in major tournaments.
- Scholar’s Mate can cause a player to face checkmate early in the game.
Principle of the Scholar’s Mate
When a player playing with white pieces advances his queen in such a way that the opponent’s king feels an attack on the f7 pawn. Whereas in its next move (third move), the white bishop comes to the c4 position and gives a double attack on the f7 pawn.
Despite this, Black does not provide any support on the f7 pawn. The white queen takes advantage of this by capturing the f7 pawn in the fourth move, and becomes the black king’s checkmate, thus succeeding Scholar’s Mate or Checkmate In 4 Moves.
Origin Of Scholar’s Mate
The term Scholar’s Mate was first used by the ancient Italian chess player and writer Gioachino Greco in the year 1620. Later, the term Scholar’s Mate is mentioned in the book The Royall Game of Chesse-Play. This book was published in 1656 by the great chess player named Francis Beale.
Gioachino Greco Cosentino (1600 – 1634), was an Italian chess analyzer, a great writer, and a wonderful chess player. He collected some early chess moves in one place. His game was full of great combinations, which have always been useful for players.
Greco’s knowledge of chess was in the form of manuscripts, in which he explained the rules of chess, and explained how to play chess, and he produced wonderful games. These manuscripts were later published to audiences, which became very influential to chess players after his death.
Francis Beale was an English writer. He is the author of the great book of chess called “The Royall Game of Chesse-Play”, which was released in the year 1656. This book has been produced by Gioachino Greco by translating the manuscripts on Chess. The book was reissued in the year 1750 and again in 1819.
Black’s version of the Scholar’s Mate
When the roles of the players are reversed, it is also possible for the player playing with the black pieces to achieve exactly the same checkmate under the condition of Scholar’s Mate.
Black can also beat White in the same fourth move, this is called black’s version of the Scholar mate. In both versions of the Scholar’s Mate opening, the principle of play is exactly the same. The following steps may be involved-
- e4, e6
- Nc3, Bc5
- Be2, Qh4
- Nf3, Qxf2 (Checkmate.)
2. Normally White now places his knight in c3 position, in response, black now places his bishop in c5 position
3. Normally White now places his bishop on the e2 position, in response, Black now puts his queen on the h4 position and double attacks the f2 pawn
4. white wants to go away from black’s queen by placing his knight on the f3 position. white made this very wrong move because black perform “Scholar’s Mate” by capturing the f2 pawn from the queen with the support of his bishop.
Avoiding Scholar’s Mate
Scholar’s Mate is the exact opposite of Fool’s Mate because fool’s mate rarely happens with any player at any level. Scholar’s Mate is something special because it is very common among beginners. However, it can be easily controlled.
Analysis of Move-1
When White starts with 1. e4, and Black answers it with 1….,e5. This is called Open Games or Double King Pawn Games (or opening).
Now if you want to escape from Scholar’s Mate, Black has to do something different instead of 1…e5. It would be best for Black to come under a semi-open defense (or opening), such as the French Defense (1 … e6) or the Scandinavian Defense (1 … d5). or Sicilian Defense opening (1 … c5) should be adopted. By these openings, Black completely eliminates the chances of Scholar’s Mate being successful.
Analysis of Move-2
Here, it is best to use the Sicilian Defense opening (1 … c5). Now, 2.Bc4 by White would be a very bad move, as black in response completely eliminates the chances of Scholar’s Mate being successful by moving 2. ….,e6.
Now black’s intention is that he can make the game easier for himself by attacking the white bishop by adopting (3. ….,d5) in the third move.
Analysis of Move-3
After 1.e4 e5 2.Qh5 Nc6 3.Bc4, the easiest way to avoid the threat of Scholar’s Mate is 3…g6.
White still has another chance to finish Scholar’s Mate in the form of a 4.Qf3 move. With this move the white queen will make one more attempt to capture the f7 pawn.
Which Black can easily defend by 4…Nf6, and later develop through the fianchetto pattern to the f8-bishop on the g7 position.
Defense by Black Queen
After 3rd move of white means Bc4, you can adopt the following two variations. in both variations, black queen protects f7 as well as e5 pawns also-
Developing of f8-bishop on the g7, c8-bishop on the b7, c1-bishop on the b2, or fi-bishop on the g2 position, is called fianchetto pattern.
When the game of chess starts with the following moves-
- e4, e5
That is, when White moves the pawn next to its king two squares ahead (e4). Black would also answer (e5) in a similar way. This is called the “open game” chess opening, it is also known as the “double king’s pawn opening”.
The “semi-open game” is a chess opening in which White plays e4 on his first move, while Black answers it with a move other than ..e5. This opening of Black immediately breaks the symmetry.
The opening is also called single king pawn, half-open, or asymmetrical king pawn games (or openings). This opening is complementary to “open games or double king pawn games”, starting with e4 e5.
French Defense, Scandinavian Defense, Sicilian Defense opening, etc come under the semi-open game (opening).